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12 Noteworthy Differences between Red Wine and White Wine

Many people collect and drink wine as their hobby. There are many different wines available, but two of the most common ones are red and white wines. As the top two variants of wine, it can’t be helped that comparisons are often drawn between them.

This article will discuss the differences between the two wine variants. Read on below to get started.

#1 – How They’re Made

One significant difference between red and white wines is that, fundamentally, red wines are made with black grapes (e.g. Pinot Noir) and white wine is made with white grapes (e.g. Chardonnay).

Different processes are also used in winemaking. One of the most important differences is that red wine is fermented with the grapes skins, giving the wine its colour and tannins.

White wines are created through the process of crushing and fermenting the grapes. However, the production of red wines is seemingly much more complicated. Some of the steps involved in the production of reds include crushing grapes, fermentation, and barrel ageing.

#2 – Fermentation Process

Another significant difference between red and white wines is that the latter does not undergo the same fermentation process. Some of the grapes used for white wines are crushed, but these are not fermented. However, red wines undergo a fermentation process that sometimes lasts for months.

#3 – How They Taste

Since they differ in colour, they also differ in taste. White wines come out to be milder than reds. Although white wines may taste sweeter, red wines are more potent and more complex in flavour.

#4 – The Food Paired with Them

Both red and white wines are great when paired with food. However, they both have a distinct range of pairings. White wines are great when paired with seafood and fish, while red wines pair well with red meat such as steak.

#5 – When to Drink Them

Both kinds of wines are great for drinking any time of the day. Typically red wine can age longer in the bottle due to tannins present in the wine. Both are great to drink throughout the year! 

#6 – Longer Aging Process

Red wines go through a longer ageing process than the latter. In fact, red wines are often aged for up to one year. However, white wines don’t go through a long ageing process.

#7 – Serving Suggestions

Red wine is best served at room temperature. Meanwhile, white wines are best served chilled.

#8 – Caloric Content

Both wines contain approximately the same amount of calories. However, the calories in red wine are attributed to its alcohol content. This is why many people trying to watch their weight often resort to drinking white wines instead.

#9 – Alcohol Content

Of course, there’s also a difference in the alcohol content of the two wines. White wines usually have much lower alcohol content. For example, white wines typically contain 7-14% ABV. Meanwhile, red wines come out to be 15-20% ABV and above.

#10 – What Glasses to Use

Wine glasses with slimmer, more curved bowls are better for white wine, which tends to evaporate in warmer temperatures.

On the other hand, red wine glasses have wider bowls and larger openings to let the air in and out. This helps the aromas of the wine expand or contract as necessary. Darker red wines often benefit from this because the flavour is exposed to more air, bringing out the taste.

#11 – Cost

White wines are often the more affordable variant of the two. Primarily because of the easy production process of white wines, the cost of the wine is also relatively lower.

#12 – Storage

Both wines should be stored in dark and cool places. Keep them at a temperature that is below 70°F. The shelf life of both wines is also pretty similar because red wines can last for about two years, while white wines can last for up to one year or even more.


No matter which wine variant you choose, all that matters is that you enjoy drinking them. Just remember to drink responsibly, and you’ll be in for a good time, especially if you’re drinking with loved ones.

If you’re looking to buy red wine, Cru Wine has got you covered! We offer a diverse range of vintage choices, all for affordable prices. Simply go to our website and take your pick!

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